Published on: 20 Jan, 2019

How to create time input in Javascript?

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In this tutorial, we are going to create a time input completely using pure Javascript only. We will use the 24 hours day format in this example.

Let's start with the HTML code first. By default, we will set the value of the time to 00:00. We also need to set a default CSS class to the textbox control. We will name our CSS style as time-input. The reason to use CSS class rather than element id for our time input field is to support multiple time input fields. As you know element id is a unique representation of each individual element in the HTML document. We also need to set the maximum length of the time up to 5 characters length only.

<input type="text" maxlength="5" value="00:00" class="time-input"/>

We also need to style our textbox field, so it will be prettier.

<style>
	.time-input{
		padding:10px;
		border-radius:5px;
		border:solid 1px #ccc;
		width:60px;
	}
</style>

The final step is to write the Javascript that will perform the automation change of the input value by a user and convert it to time format. Here is the full source code. I have added the comment for easy understanding of the code.

<script>
//when the window has been completed loaded, we search for all textbox with time-input CSS class
window.onload = function(e){ 
	//perform a for loop to add the event handler
	Array.from(document.getElementsByClassName("time-input")).forEach(
		function(element, index, array) {
			//Add the event handler to the time input
			element.addEventListener("blur", inputTimeBlurEvent);
		}
	);
}

inputTimeBlurEvent = function(e){
	var newTime = "";
	var timeValue = e.target.value;
	var numbers = [];
	var splitTime = [];
	
	//1st condition: if the value entered is empty, we set the default value
	if(timeValue.trim() == ""){
		e.target.value = "00:00";
		return;
	}
	
	//2nd condition: only allow numbers, dot and double dot. If not match set the default value. Example => 23a55
	var regex = /^[0-9.:]+$/;
	if( !regex.test(timeValue) ) {
		e.target.value = "00:00";
		return;
	}
	
	//3rd condition: replace the dot with double dot. Example => 23.55
	e.target.value = e.target.value.replace(".", ":").replace(/\./g,"");
	timeValue = e.target.value;
	
	//4th condition: auto add double dot if the input entered by user contains numbers only (no dot or double dot symbol found)
	//example => 2344 or 933
	if(timeValue.indexOf(".") == -1 && timeValue.indexOf(":") == -1){
		//check if the length is more than 4 we strip it up to 4
		if(timeValue.trim().length > 4){
			timeValue = timeValue.substring(0,4);
		}
		var inputTimeLength = timeValue.trim().length;
		numbers = timeValue.split('');
		switch(inputTimeLength){
			//Example => 23
			case 2:
				if(parseInt(timeValue) <= 0){
					e.target.value = "00:00";
				}else if(parseInt(timeValue) >= 24){
					e.target.value = "00:00";
				}else{
					e.target.value = timeValue + ":00";
				}
				break;
			//Example => 234
			case 3:
				newTime = "0" + numbers[0] + ":";
				if(parseInt(numbers[1] + numbers[2]) > 59){
					newTime += "00";
				}else{
					newTime += numbers[1] + numbers[2];
				}
				e.target.value = newTime;
				break;
			//Example 2345
			case 4:
				if(parseInt(numbers[0] + numbers[1]) >= 24){
					newTime = "00:";
				}else{
					newTime = numbers[0] + numbers[1] + ":";
				}
				if(parseInt(numbers[2] + numbers[3]) > 59){
					newTime += "00";
				}else{
					newTime += numbers[2] + numbers[3];
				}
				e.target.value = newTime;
				break;
		}
		return;
	}
	
	//5th condition: if double dot found
	var doubleDotIndex = timeValue.indexOf(":");
	//if user doesnt enter the first part of hours example => :35
	if(doubleDotIndex == 0){
		newTime = "00:";
		splitTime = timeValue.split(':');
		numbers = splitTime[1].split('');
		if(parseInt(numbers[0] + numbers[1]) > 59){
			newTime += "00";
		}else{
			newTime += numbers[0] + numbers[1];
		}
		e.target.value = newTime;
		return;
	}else{
		//if user enter not full time example=> 9:3
		splitTime = timeValue.split(':');
		var partTime1 = splitTime[0].split('');
		if(partTime1.length == 1){
			newTime = "0" + partTime1[0] + ":";
		}else{
			if(parseInt(partTime1[0] + partTime1[1]) > 23){
				newTime = "00:";
			}else{
				newTime = partTime1[0] + partTime1[1] + ":";
			}
		}
		
		var partTime2 = splitTime[1].split('');
		if(partTime2.length == 1){
			newTime += "0" + partTime2[0];
		}else{
			if(parseInt(partTime2[0] + partTime2[1]) > 59){
				newTime += "00";
			}else{
				newTime += partTime2[0] + partTime2[1];
			}
		}
		e.target.value = newTime;
		return;
	}
}
</script>

Demo of Time input using pure Javascript.

You can see the time input in action below. Try to enter the following input.

  • 2236
  • 10.23
  • 305

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