If you have a database backup .bak file extension and want to restore it using SQL query. You can use the built-in 'RESTORE DATABASE' function. Remember in order to be able to restore a database successfully. You need to be a database owner which has the role of db_owner. You also need to ensure that there is no open session use the database. Otherwise, if the database is in use. You will receive the following error message.
To overcome this issue, you need to alter the database by accessing the master table first and set the single user with the rollback immediate method.
Here is the TSQL query to restore a database in SQL Server.
ALTER DATABASE simpleblog SET SINGLE_USER WITH ROLLBACK IMMEDIATE;
RESTORE DATABASE [mydatabasename]
FROM DISK = 'E:/mydatabasename.bak'
The 'WITH REPLACE' keyword indicates that you want to want to overwrite the existing database that you want to restore.